Sometimes called Black Jews; organized 1896 by W. S. Crowdy at Lawrence, Kansas; nat. headquarters at Philadelphia 1900, internat. headquarters at Belleville (near Portsmouth, Virginia) 1917. Crowdy and his successors are accepted as prophets divinely called and in true communication with God. This ch. holds the Negro race to be descended from the lost 10 tribes of Israel; claims to follow the Bible rigidly; observes OT customs, esp. the Jewish calendar, Sabbath, OT festival days, tithing, marriage within their own group; also observes baptism by immersion, Lord's Supper, and foot washing.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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