Anti-Trinitarian sect that originated ca. 1848 under leadership of J. Thomas.* Originally in the Disciples* of Christ movement, Thomas withdrew, partly because he disagreed with A. and T. Campbell* on the doctrine of the Trinity. He claimed that the existing denominations were apostate and that the chs. must return to primitive Christianity in doctrine and practice as defined in the Bible. Though he claimed to accept the inspiration of the Bible, he denied the cardinal doctrines of the Bible, esp. 1. the doctrine of the Trinity, teaching a dynamic Monarchianism*: 2. the immortality of man, teaching that men are dead in the intermediate state, that the unrighteous will be annihilated, while immortality will be given only to the righteous; 3. the Scriptural doctrine of the final coming of Christ, teaching that Israel will be restored in Palestine during a millennium, which will be preceded by the resurrection of the responsibles and followed by the judgment, the just receiving immortality and the unjust being destroyed; 4. the doctrines of the devil and hell. At the time of the Civil War the followers of Thomas, compelled to adopt a name to secure exemption from military service, selected the name Christadelphians, Brothers of Christ.
R. Roberts, Dr. Thomas: His Life and Work (London, 1884).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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