On the N coast of Borneo; bordered on the S by Sarawak. Area: ca. 2,225 sq. mi. Captured by Spaniards 1580 but not held; became a resort for pirates; under Brit. protection 1888; Brit. dependency 1905; indep. January 1, 1984. Main ethnic groups: Malay 65%, Chinese 25%. Official language: Malay; other: English. Official religion: Islam. Christian miss. work began ca. the middle of the 19th c.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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