For current information see CIA World Factbook. On the E coast of the Indochinese Peninsula in SE Asia. Area: ca. 127,200 sq. mi. For earlier hist. see French Indochina. War beginning 1940 with occupation by Jap. led to partition 1954 along the 17th parallel into North Vietnam (Dem. Rep. of Vietnam) and South Vietnam (Rep. of Vietnam). The country was officially reunited 1976. Official language: Vietnamese; others: Fr. and Eng. Predominant religions: Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist; others: RC, Prot., Muslim, animist.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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