Theory elaborated by J. Bentham,* J. S. Mill,* and others acc. to which the morality of conduct is determined by its ability to promote the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people. The term has come to be used in various meanings. See also Ethics, 4; Gay, John; Paley, William; Sidgwick, Henry; Tucker, Abraham.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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