RC revival in the Ch. of Eng. that began 1833 at Oxford with pub. of Tracts for the Times (see Newman, John Henry); 90 tracts appeared 183341. Other tractarians include R. H. Froude,* J. Keble,* C. Marriott,* E. B. Pusey.* Newman resigned his incumbency in the Ch. of Eng. 1843, was received into the RC Ch. 1845; others, clerics and laymen, followed him. Effects of tractarianism include revival and strengthening of the high* ch. movement and increased emphasis on RC tradition in doctrine, sacraments, worship, and life. Reaction against it included formation of the Evangelical* Alliance. See also Anglo-Catholics; England, C 7.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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