(August 13, 1777February 21, 1846). Father of M. Stephan* Jr.; b. Stramberg, Moravia; studied theol. at Halle and Leipzig. Pastor Haber, Boh. 1809; Dresden, Ger., 181037; opposed rationalism; widely known as spiritual adviser; influenced C. F. W. Walther; resolved in the 1830s to emigrate to the US with his followers; placed under temporary suspension 1837; led Saxon emigration to Missouri 1838/39; deposed and taken to Illinois 1839; by 1841 he was living in or near Kaskaskia, Illinois, and preaching there in the courthouse every 2 weeks; served a cong. at Horse Prairie, several miles SE of Red Bud, Illinois, 184546. See also Altenburg Debates; Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, The, II 12.
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