(Ger. Stand der Bekenntnispflicht). Literally state of confession. the FC (Ep X 2, 11; SD X 2, 3, 10, 25) speaks of cases and times when confession is required, e.g., under persecution, when enemies of the Gospel try to force observance of adiaphora* or suppress the pure doctrine of the holy Gospel. In such cases the faithful must take a confessional stand, i. e., they find themselves in a state of confession (in statu confessionis). M. Flacius Illyricus: Nihil est adiaphoron in casu confessionis et scandali (Nothing is an adiaphoron when confession and offense are involved). See also Adiaphoristic Controversies.
F. Bente, Historical Introductions to the Symbolical Books of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, in Concordia Triglotta (St. Louis, Missouri, 1921), p. 110; Kirchliches Handlexikon, ed. C. Meusel et al., I (Leipzig, 1887), p. 689.
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