(Jakob; 16351705). Father of Pietism*; b. Rappoltsweiler, Upper Alsace; educ. Strasbourg (instructors included J. K. Dannhauer* and S. Schmidt*); asst. preacher at the Strasbourg cathedral 1663; minister and senior (supt.) Frankfurt am Main 1666. where he introd. (1670) collegia pietatis, private devotional gatherings, twice a week, in his house. Pub. Pia desideria 1657, in which he pictured the deplorable conditions in the ch. as he saw them and proposed measures for improvement (stressing Bible study and personal piety); result: controversy, in which some of his adherents left the ch., some emigrating to Pennsylvania 1683. Spener became court preacher Dresden 1686. Influenced P. Anton* and A. H. Francke.* Provost St. Nicolai, Berlin, 1691. Helped est. Halle U. 1694. Spener's Lutheranism was marred by elements evidently from Ref. sources. Held a form of millennialism.* Hymnist. See also Spizel, Theophil; Urlsperger, Samuel.
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