(18581918). B. Berlin, Ger.; sociologist; neo-Kantian philos.; taught at univs. of Berlin (18851914) and Strasbourg (191418); held that religion is the abstraction and heightening of various human relations and, like Reinhold Niebuhr,* regarded faith in a deity as the transmutation and highest development of a relationship bet. individuals; influenced M. Buber. See also Kant, Immanuel.
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