(from Heb. shem, name, and parash, distinguished). Term used by Jews in the Middle Ages to designate the tetragrammaton (Gk. four-lettered; specifically the Heb. divine name JHVH), commonly pronounced Jehovah by Christians, but not by Jews.
Shem hammephorash is a cabalistic term (see Cabala) which is not, but only represents, a real word of power, the use of which is said to have made possible the performance of many wonderful works. The exact meaning of the term is not known. M. Luther used the term in Vom Schem Hamphoras und vom Geschlecht Christi (WA 53, 573648).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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