(sastras; shasters; Skt. instruction). Sacred books of the Hindus (see Hinduism). Often grouped in 4 classes: 4 Vedas, 4 Upa-vedas, 6 Ved-angas, 4 Up-angas. The 1st Up-anga includes the 18 Puranas, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata; the 2d and 3d Up-angas consist of the main works on metaphysics and logic; the 4th Up-anga consists of the law. See also Sacred Literature.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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