Animistic cult of Ural-Altaic people of N. Asia and Eur. and of Eskimo and Am. Indian tribes. Named after Tungus term shaman for the priest-doctor, or medicine man, who heals the sick, divines the unknown, controls spirits, averts evil, accomplishes good, etc. by magic. Conjuring, trance, incantation, and use of drums are common in shamanism. In Korea shamanism is also called Sinkyo; the shaman is called pan-su. See also Korea, 4.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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