(18751965). Cleric, philos., physician, musician; b. Kaysersberg, Upper Alsace; educ. Strasbourg; med. miss. to Lambaréné, Fr. Equatorial Afr., 1913; emphasized apocalyptic element in the teaching of Jesus; did not adhere to fundamental Christian doctrines, e.g., deity of Christ; held that all world views based on nature are pessimistic, since nature is ultimately life-denying, and hence man must affirm his will to live, developing a philosophy of love; his ethics stressed reverence for life. Works include Kulturphilosophie; Geschichte der Leben-Jesu-Forschang; Gesehichte der Paulinisehen Forschang von der Reformation bis auf die Gegenwart; Das Christentum und die Weltreligionen; Das Problem des Friedens in der heutigen Welt; Johann Sebastian Bach. See also Lutheran Theology After 1580. 13; Widor, Charles Marie Jean Albert.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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