In this art., school is used in the theol. as well as physical sense; Tertullian called Christianity a philos. (De pallio, 6).
1. Alexandrian. At Alexandria, Egypt, a university developed out of the catechumenate school. Leaders: Pantaenus,* Clement* of Alexandria, Origen.* Chief characteristics: allegorical exegesis and speculative theol. influenced by Gk. philos., esp. Philo* Judaeus. See also Alexandria, School of.
2. Roman. Leader: Hippolytus.* Method: allegorical.
3. Caesarean. Begun by Origen,* discontinued at his death; his books formed the nucleus of the library of Pamphilus* of Caesarea, who reopened the school ca. 290. The school influenced the Cappadocian* Theologians.
4. Antiochene. Begun perhaps by Lucian* of Antioch. Used grammaticohistorical* method in opposition to allegorical method. After condemnation of Nestorius,* the school moved to Edessa,* later to Nisibis* (see 5 and 6). See also antioch, School of.
5. Nisibis.* Flourished esp. under Narsai.* See also 4 and 6; Barsumas, Thomas.
6. Edessa.* Begun by Ephraem.* See also 4 and 5.
See also Exegesis.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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