Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(from Gk. for “school”).

1. Occidental philos. movement dominant in the later Middle Ages; concerned with dogmatics; accepted the body of doctrine then current as complete; used dialectics (see Dialectic) and speculation in discussing and trying to comprehend, harmonize, and prove doctrines rationally; reasoning came to be patterned largely after that of Aristotle.* See also Anselm of Canterbury.

2. Two schools of realism* (divided bet. followers of Aristotle and those of Plato*) and a school of nominalism* developed. See also Conceptualism.

3. Other exponents of Scholasticism include P. Abelard,* Albertus* Magnus, Alexander* of Hales, G. Biel.* J. Duns* Scotus, Durandus,* Gilbert* de la Porree, W. of Ockham,* Peter* the Lombard, Roscellinus,* Thomas* Aquinas.

4. In the 12th c. Scholasticism fought for recognition; in the 13th it reached its zenith; in the 14th and 15th it declined.

5. Some mystics (e.g., Bernard* of Clairvaux) opposed Scholasticism, some (e.g., Bonaventura*) blended mysticism* and Scholasticism. Other opponents of Scholasticism include R. Bacon.*

See also Bérenger.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

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Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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