(from Gk. for school).
1. Occidental philos. movement dominant in the later Middle Ages; concerned with dogmatics; accepted the body of doctrine then current as complete; used dialectics (see Dialectic) and speculation in discussing and trying to comprehend, harmonize, and prove doctrines rationally; reasoning came to be patterned largely after that of Aristotle.* See also Anselm of Canterbury.
3. Other exponents of Scholasticism include P. Abelard,* Albertus* Magnus, Alexander* of Hales, G. Biel.* J. Duns* Scotus, Durandus,* Gilbert* de la Porree, W. of Ockham,* Peter* the Lombard, Roscellinus,* Thomas* Aquinas.
4. In the 12th c. Scholasticism fought for recognition; in the 13th it reached its zenith; in the 14th and 15th it declined.
See also Bérenger.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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