The hist. of Protestantism in Salzburg, long ruled by abps., is largely a hist. of oppression and persecution. In 1588 Prots. in the city of Salzburg were ordered to recant or abandon their property and leave the country; many went to Austria, Swabia, and elsewhere. The strictures were extended to the entire region of Salzburg 161315. Some Prots. went underground. In the 1680s J. Schaitberger* led a group that tried unsuccessfully to gain legal recognition under terms of the Peace of Westphalia.* The last edict of banishment was issued 1731. Many thousands went to Prussia 173233. A small group settled 1734 near Savannah, Georgia, at a place they called Ebenezer. See also Bergmann, Christopher; Bergmann, John Ernest; Boltzius, Johann Martin; Child and Family Service Agencies, 3; Gronau, Israel Christian; Urlsperger, Samuel.
G. G. G. Göcking, Vollkommene Emigrations-Geschichte von denen aus dem Ertz-Bissthum Saltzburg vertriebenen Lutheranern, 2 vols. (Frankfurt and Leipzig, 173437); W. J. Finck, Lutheran Landmarks and Pioneers in America (Philadelphia, 1913); P. A. Strobel, The Salzburgers and Their Descendants (Baltimore, 1855); C. Mauelshagen, Salzburg Lutheran Expulsion and Its Impact (New York. 1962).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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