1. Founded 1865 in London, Eng., by William Booth (18291912; General Booth; b. Nottingham, Eng.; began revival preaching when he was ca. 16; regular preacher of the Meth. New Connection [see Methodist Churches, 1] 1852); the Salv. Army movement began in a series of informal open air and tent meetings designed to reach the unreached. The 1st name, Christian Mission, was changed to the present name 1878. The movement soon spread to the US, Can., and elsewhere.
2. The Salv. Army has no formal creed and gives little attention to doctrinal differences. In gen., it is Arminian (see Arminianism) and regards sacraments as unessential. Admission to membership is based on pledges to Christian conduct, understood to include total abstinence from intoxicating liquors and harmful drugs. Services are largely informal and include preaching by women, junior meetings, and S. S.
4. Work is divided into field work (spiritual regeneration) and soc. work.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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