(Paavo = Paul; 17771852). Lay preacher, revivalist, pietist; b. near Tolvaniemi, Iisalmi parish, Fin.; spent most of his life on a farm in Nilsiä; at 22 a blacksmith directed him to seek inner awareness of Christ; he soon came to a deep Christ-centered inwardness and a consciousness of human sinfulness; traveled through most of Fin. as leader and coordinator of a revival movement; harassed by ch. and state authorities, but maintained a following; exponent of theologia* crucis: held that Christianity is not essentially a set of regulations, rules, or formulations, but experience of God's forgiving grace in Christ; emphasized daily repentance and renewal. Wrote the tract Naagra ord till väckta av bondestaandet (A Word to the Awakened Peasants). See also Finland, Lutheranism in. 4.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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