(Rheinische Missionsgesellschaft). A small miss. soc. was formed 1799 at Elberfeld; the Berg Bible Soc. was formed at Elberfeld 1814; the Tract Soc. of the Wuppertal was formed at Barmen 1814. Another miss. soc., which cooperated with the miss. institute at Basel (see Basel Missionary Society), soon formed at Barmen. The 2 miss. socs. (at Elberfeld and Barmen), with a soc. at Cologne and one at Wesel, merged into the Rhenish Miss. Soc. 1828 with HQ at Barmen. Missionaries were sent to South Afr. 1829, Borneo 1834, South-West Afr. 1839, China in the mid-1840s. Sumatra in the early 1860s, Nias 1865, New Guinea 1887. See also Missionary Institutes; Schmelen, Johann Heinrich; Schreiber, August Wilhelm; Warneck, Johannes.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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