(from Lat. for buy back). The concept is found in classical Gk. and the NT for setting a captive free by paying a ransom. In Christian theol. the term stands for recovery from sin and death by the obedience and sacrifice of Christ, who is therefore called the Redeemer (Jb 19:25; Is 59:20. Cf. Mt 20:28; Ro 3:24; 1 Co 6:20; Gl 3:13; 4:45; Eph 1:7; 1 Ti 2:56; 1 Ptr 1:18). The subject is sinful mankind, under guilt and the curse of the Law and the power and dominion of the devil, servants of sin. liable to death and eternal punishment. Redemption applies to all, but is not gratuitous; the ransom paid was divinely sealed by the resurrection (1 Co 15:320).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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