(4 ember periods, from Lat. for 4 and OE ymbren, perhaps a corruption of ymbryne, period; revolution of time; cycle, from ymb, about; round and ryne, course; running; or from Lat. quatuor tempora, 4 periods). Four periods, of 3 ember days each, set aside for fasting,* prayer, and almsgiving in the 4 seasons (Lat. ieiunia [fasts] quatuor temporum). The pattern followed in modern times was est. in the 11th c.: Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after (1) 1st Sunday in Lent; (2) Pentecost; (3) Holy Cross Day, September 14; (4) St. Lucia's Day, December 13.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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