Term derived from the protest submitted by the ev. party at the 1529 Diet of Speyer.* Issues involved (1) the authority of Scripture, to be explained by itself; (2) freedom of conscience. Protestantism stands for religious liberty based on obedience to God and His Word. RCm: where good works are, there are faith and justification; Protestantism: where faith is, there are justification and good works. See also Formal Principle; Material Principle.
Protestantism is favorable to civil and religious freedom, to the rights of the individual, and to development of those inventive capacities that have led to achievements called civilization. It favors universal education, since all should read the Bible and help do the work of the ch. intelligently. Freedom of thought, speech, and press are involved in the freedom and responsibility of the individual emphasized by Protestantism.
See also United States, Religious History of the.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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