Inordinate self-esteem; considered one of the 7 deadly sins (see Sins, Venial and Mortal); represented in the Bible as a vice (Pr 16:18; 21:4; 29:23; 1 Ptr 5:5; 1 Jn 2:16); may manifest itself (1) with respect to God, as spiritual arrogance and self-assertion or self-righteousness (Mt 23:512; Lk 18:1112; Rv 3:17), (2) with respect to other people, as haughtiness, feeling of superiority, boasting, vainglory (Jb 12:2; Ps 101:5; Pr 14:21; Jer 9:23). God will punish the proud (Dt 8:1120; Pr 8:13; Jn 5:44; Ja 4:6).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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