An attribute of God; also called foreknowledge; beholds all things as if present; comprehends all events, however contingent on human activity or freedom (Is 48:8; Mt 24:36; Jn 21:17; 1 Jn 3:20). God knows the acts of men as acts of rational and responsible beings who have a will of their own and act acc. to the counsels of their hearts; thus the foreknowledge of God includes the agency of the human will and the causality of human counsels. God's foreknowledge of His own acts, especially of the rulings of His providence includes the prayers of His children, which He in His counsel has answered before they were uttered (Is 65:24), permitting them to enter as a powerful factor (Ja 5:1618) into the government of the universe (Ps 33:1022; 145:1319) (A. L. Graebner, in Theology, TQ, II , 139).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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