Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Gk. “adversaries of the Spirit”). Term applied to all who hold false views of the Holy Spirit; originally used of 4th–c. heretics who denied the deity or personality of the Holy Spirit; condemned by the 381 council at Constantinople.* See also Macedonius.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

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