(Theophrast[us] Bombast[us] [Bombast] von Hohenheim; ca. 1493/941541). Alchemist; physician; b. near Einsiedeln, Switz.; may himself have invented the name Paracelsus to indicate equality with, or superiority to, Aulus Cornelius Celsus (early 1st c. AD; Roman writer; compiled an encyclopedia on agriculture, law, medicine, military science, and philos.); tried to recast reed. science; proponent of iatrochemistry (chemistry combined with medicine; ca. 1525ca. 1660); empiricist; emphasized nature study; Christian mystic philos. Lived a restless life; studied at several univs., esp. Padua and Ferrara, It.; army surgeon in It. and Den., probably also Moscow and Constantinople; lived at Strasbourg, Basel, Nürnberg, Vienna, and Salzburg. PR
F. Gundolf, Paracelsus (Berlin, 1928); W. E. Peuckert, Pansophie, 2 vols. (Stuttgart, 193667); F. Spunda, Das Weltbild des Paracelsus (Vienna, 1941/42); H. M. Pachter, Magic into Science (New York, 1951).
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