(February 6, 1834May 23, 1918). Apostle of the Batak. B. of poor parents on is. of Nordstrand, NW Ger.; at 12 vowed on sickbed to become miss.; educ. sem. of Rhenish* Miss. Soc.; to Sumatra 1861; trained missionaries, lay brothers, deaconesses; est. institutions for training teachers and pastors; developed ch. order suited for Asiatics. Works include tr. OT stories and the NT into the language of the natives. See also Bataks.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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