The Council of Trent* decreed: Those who will try to contract marriage in another way than in the presence of a parish priest or of another priest authorized by that priest or by an ordinary, and with two or three witnesses, the holy synod declares altogether unable so to marry and decrees such contracts null and void, as by the present decree it makes them invalid and annuls them (Sess. XXIV, Decree Concerning the Reform of Matrimony [called Tametsi decree after its 1st Lat. word], chap. I). The Ne temere decree of 1907 (named after its 1st Lat. words), effective 1908, exempted from this rule non-Catholics who marry among themselves and made certain other provisions. The chief points of this decree, with minor modifications, were later included in the Code of Canon Law, further rev. 1948/49.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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