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Neo-scholasticism* concerned with teachings of Thomas* Aquinas. Often described as “moderate realism.” Distinguishes bet. act or actuality and potency or potentiality (all except God, who is pure act, is made up of act and potency); existence and essence; substance and accident; form and matter. Includes a doctrine of causes (material, formal, efficient, and final). Prominent neo-Thomists include P. Coffey* and D. F. F. J. Mercier.* See also Popes, 29.

R. G. Bandas, Contemporary Philosophy and Thomistic Principles (New York, 1932); E. H. Gilson, Christianity and Philosophy, tr. R. MacDonald (New York, 1939); J. Maritain, On the Philosophy of History, ed. J. W. Evans (New York, 1957); P. M. Bretscher, “Neo-Thomism Once More,” CTM, XXII (1951), 357–364; W. Siegel, “The Revival of Thomist Pholosophy,” The Augustana Quarterly, XIX (January 1940), 38–45. See also references under Thomas Aquinas and writings of neo-Thomists mentioned above. EL

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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