(Neeshima; Niishima; originally Neesima Shimeta; February 12 [January 14 Jap. old style], 1843January 23, 1890). B. Yedo (Tokyo), Jap.; by chance became acquainted with the Bible as a boy; contrived 1864 to get to Hakodate and smuggled himself on board a schooner to Shanghai, China; to US on a ship (the captain called him Joe) owned by Alpheus Hardy, of Boston, Massachusetts, who sent him to Amherst (Massachusetts) Coll. and Andover (Massachusetts) Theol. Sem.; pardoned for leaving Jap. illegally and became interpreter of Jap. embassy to US 1871; ABCFM miss. to Jap. 1874; founded Doshisha coll. and theol. school (now a U.) at Kyoto 1875; taught there till 1890.
J. D. Davis, A Sketch of the Life of Rev. Joseph Hardy Neesima (New York, 1894); A. S. Hardy, Life and Letters of Joseph Hardy Neesima (Boston, 1891); W. F. McDowell et al., Effective Workers in Needy Fields (New York, 1902), pp. 153183.
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