Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Mahomet; Mahomed; Moham[m]ed; 570–632). Founder of Islam*; b. Mecca, Arab.; acc. to tradition, a caravan conductor; m. a rich widow merchant 595; engaged in religious contemplation; moved by alleged divine call, began reform movement in Mecca ca. 610; first taught openly ca. 613; opposed by Meccan leaders; fled 622 to Yathrib, later called Medina (“the City,” i. e., of the prophet); this flight, called Hegira (from Arab. hijrah, “flight”), came to be regarded as the beginning of the Muhammadan era; Muhammad organized a military force; gained control of Mecca 628–630, which became the religious capital of Islam, with Medina the pol. capital. See also abu-Bakr; World Community of Al-Islam, The.

W. M. Watt, Muhammad: Prophet and Stateaman (London, 1961).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

Stay Connected! Join the LCMS Network:

Contact Us Online
(Staff Switchboard)
(Church Info Center)
1333 S Kirkwood Rd
Saint Louis, MO 63122-7226 | Directions


Featured Publication

The Lutheran Witness

LCMS Communications

Interpreting the contemporary world from a Lutheran Christian perspective.
Visit TLW Online