In early NT times the immediate return of Christ was expected (2 Th 2:2). Fanciful hopes connected with that expected return led to chiliastic speculations, esp. among followers of Montanus.* Inveighing against increasing laxity and worldliness in the ch., he declared himself the instrument of the Paraclete promised by Christ (cf. Jn 14:16) and with 2 prophetesses (Prisca [or Priscilla] and Maximilla) announced the speedy est. of the millennium centered at Pepuza in Phrygia (hence Montanists have also been called Pepuzians and Cataphrygians). Adherents of the movement practiced asceticism. The movement spread through Asia Minor, Gaul, Sp., Rome, and N Afr.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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