(It.: Giulio Mazarini; 160261). Fr. cardinal and statesman; b. Pescina, It., of Sicilian parentage; educ. Rome (by Jesuits) and Alcalá de Henares, Sp.; infantry captain in army of the papal states; in papal diplomatic service; vice-legate at Avignon; naturalized Frenchman 1639; cardinal 1641; succeeded A. J. du P. de Richelieu* as prime minister 1642; enlarged Fr. territory at Peace of Westphalia* 1648; maintained conciliatory policy toward Huguenots*; sided with Innocent X (see Popes, 23) against Jansenists (see Jansenism). See also Mazarin Bible.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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