(Society of Mary; Marist Fathers; not to be confused with Marianists*). RC cong. founded by Jean Claude Courveille (17871866) and Jean Claude Marie Colin (17901875). The first group formed 1816 at Lyons, Fr.; approved by Rome 1836. Mems. meditate on the personality of Mary and are devoted to missions. Colin's request for approval of a 4-branched soc. (priests, brothers, religious sisters, 3d order) was refused by Rome. As a result, 4 indep. congs. developed: Marist Fathers (with Marist 3d Order attached); Marist Brothers (Little Brothers of Mary; founded 1817 near Lyons); Marist Sisters (Sisters of the Cong. of Mary; founded 1817 Cerdon, Ain, Fr.); Marist Missionary Sisters (Miss. Sisters of the Soc. of Mary; founded 1845 Saint-Brieuc, Fr.). See also Champagnat, Marcellin Joseph Benoîit.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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