(Manes; Manichaeus; ca. 216ca. 277). Founded Manichaeism.* Biographical details difficult to est.; b. perhaps Seleucia-Ctesiphon, Persia; allegedly received divine revelations; claimed to be the last and highest prophet; traveled probably to India and perhaps China; became acquainted with Buddhism*; returned to Persia; successfully opposed by Magi*; perhaps suffered a cruel death in prison.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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