Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


Science divides the study of man into physical anthropology, which deals with the essence and origin of physical (animal) characteristics, and cultural anthropology, which deals, e.g., with languages, inventions, customs.

Christian theol. studies man's origin (see Creation), 1st condition, probation, and apostasy (see Fall of Man), sin (see Sin; Sin, Original), and redemption (see Conversion; Grace; Justification), and related matters.

Luth. theol. begins the study of man with the study of God.* Proper and full understanding of man cannot be achieved through science, man's natural knowledge of God, or God apart from Christ. See also Anthropology.

E. T. Bachmann, “Man,” in What Lutherans Are Thinking, ed. E. C. Fendt (Columbus, Ohio, 1947), pp. 148–173; What, Then, Is Man? (St. Louis, 1958).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

Stay Connected! Join the LCMS Network:

Contact Us Online
(Staff Switchboard)
(Church Info Center)
1333 S Kirkwood Rd
Saint Louis, MO 63122-7226 | Directions


Featured Publication

The Lutheran Witness

LCMS Communications

Interpreting the contemporary world from a Lutheran Christian perspective.
Visit TLW Online