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Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, Districts of The.

A. North America. Rapid growth soon called for division of the syn. into districts. Great distances, poor traveling facilities, and great expenses of annual conv. trips strained the resources of congs., pastors, and teachers and interfered with full attendance. The problem was noted already by the 1848 conv., but decision was deferred till the convs. of 1852–54, when the syn. was divided into 4 districts (Western, Central, Northern, and Eastern), these to meet 2 yrs. in succession separately and the 3d yr. in gen. conv. (districts 1855 and 1856, gen. conv. 1857, etc.), and dist. meetings as ne-nessary concurrent with gen. convs.

In course of time the original 4 districts were divided, and the no. of districts in North America grew to 38 (as of 1982), including 3 in Can. (Alberta-British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan, and Ontario).

Districts, with par. nos. in this section:

Alberta and British Columbia
30
Atlantic
20
California and Nevada
17
California and Oregon
16
Canada
9
Central
2
Central Illinois
23
Colorado
29
Eastern
4
English
26
Florida-Georgia
40
Illinois
5
Indiana
42
Iowa
8
Iowa East
36
Iowa West
37
Kansas
15
Manitoba and Saskatchewan
31
Michigan
10
Mid-South
46
Minnesota
12
Minnesota North
43
Minnesota South
44
Minnesota and Dakota
12
Missouri
45
Montana
39
Nebraska (old)
13
Nebraska (new)
47
New England
50
New Jersey
51
North Dakota
25
North Dakota and Montana
25
North Wisconsin
28
Northern
3, 6
Northern Illinois
22
Northern Nebraska
33
Northwest
18
Northwestern
7
Ohio
41
Oklahoma
34
Ontario
9
Oregon and Washington
18
SELC
49
South Dakota
21
South Wisconsin
27
Southeastern
38
Southern
14
Southern California
35
Southern Illinois
24
Southern Nebraska
32
Texas
19
Western
1
Wisconsin
11
Wyoming
48

1. Western Dist. (Missouri, Illinois, Louisiana). Pres.: G. A. Schieferdecker* 1854–57, J. M. G. Schaller* 1857–63, J. F. Bünger* 1863–75, F. J. Biltz* 1875–91, C. C. Schmidt* 1891–98, Paul Theodore Roesener 1898–1901, John Jacob Bernthal 1901–19, J. H. C. Fritz* 1919–20, Ludwig Friedrich Brust (Acting Pres.) 1920–21, R. T. Kretzschmar* 1921–39, Paul F. Koenig 1939–45, Elfred L. Roschke 1945–51, T. A. Weinhold 1951–57, George W. Wittmer 1957–59, W. J. Stelling 1959–63, Kurt W. Biel 1963–66.

Out of the W. Dist. were carved the Illinois Dist. (see 5) 1874, the Iowa Dist. (see 8) 1878/79, the Nebraska Dist. (see 13) and the Southern Dist. (see 14) 1881/82, the Kansas Dist. (see 15) and the California and Oregon Dist. (see 16) 1887. The W. Dist. divided 1965/66 to form the Missouri Dist. (see 45) and the Mid-South Dist. (see 46).

2. Central Dist. (Ohio and Indiana). Pres.: W. Sihler* 1854–60, H. C. Schwan* 1860–78, W. S. Stubnatzy* 1878–80, J. H. Niemann* 1880–1909, John H. Wefel 1909–15, William E. Moll 1915–19, J. Adam Schmidt 1919–20, John Dietrich Matthius 1920–27, W. F. Lichtsinn 1927–47, J. H. Meyer 1947–51, Ottomar Krueger 1951–63. The dist. divided 1962/63 to form the Indiana Dist. (see 42) and the Ohio Dist. (see 41).

3. Northern Dist. (Michigan and Wisconsin). Pres.: O. Fuerbringer* 1854–72, J. A. Hügli 1872–75. The N. Dist. divided 1874/75; part retained the old name (see 6), the other part was called Northwestern Dist. (see 7).

4. Eastern Dist. (New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and D. C.; later Ont.). Pres.: E. G. W. Keyl* 1854–69, C. Gross* 1869–75, J. P. Beyer* 1875–88, P. Brand* 1888–99, Herman Henry Walker 1899–1915, Franz (Francis) Carl Verwiebe 1915–21 and 1931–38, William Broecker 1921–28, J. K. E. Horst 1928–31, Oscar Adelbert Sauer 1938–39, Paul Fretthold 1939–45, Charles A. Behnke 1944–55, Eric Carl Malte 1955–58, Gustav M. Karkau 1958–66, Herman R. Frincke 1966–. The Eastern Dist. transferred Ont. to the Northern Dist. (see 6) 1874, divided 1906 (part retained the old name, the other part was called Atlantic Dist. [see 20]).

5. The Illinois Dist., carved out of the Western Dist. (see 1) 1874, held its 1st conv. 1875. Pres.: H. Wunder* 1875–91, ???H. H. Succop* 1891–1903, Herman Engelbrecht Sr. 1903–07. The dist. divided 1907/08 to form the N. Illinois Dist. (see 22), Cen. Illinois Dist. (see 23), and S. Illinois Dist. (see 24). See also Illinois, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of, b.

6. The reorganized Northern Dist. (see 3) included Michigan and Ont. (the latter transferred from the Eastern Dist.) and held its 1st conv. 1875. Pres.: O. Fuerbringer* 1875–82. The Can. Dist. (see 9) was carved out of the Northern Dist. 1878/79. The Northern Dist. changed name to Michigan Dist. (see 10) 1881.

7. Northwestern Dist. (not to be confused with the later Northwest Dist.; see 18), formed when the Northern Dist. divided (see 3), included Wisconsin and Minnesota and held its 1st conv. 1875. Pres.: C. J. A. Strasen* 1875–82. The Northwestern Dist. divided 1882/82 to form the Wisconsin Dist. (see 11) and the Minn. and Dakota Dist. (see 12).

8. Iowa Dist., carved out of the Western Dist. (see 1) 1878/79, held its 1st conv. 1879. Pres.: J. Lorenz Crämer 1879–88, Philipp Studt 1888–91, Ludwig Friedrich Brust 1891–94, Ernst Zürrer 1909–09, A. D. Greif 1909–14, Theodore Wolfram 1914–27, Herman A. Harms 1927–36. Then the dist. divided into Iowa East Dist. (see 36) and Iowa West Dist. (see 37).

9. Canada Dist. (name changed to Ontario Dist. 1923), carved out of the Northern Dist. (see 6) 1878/79, held its 1st conv. 1879. Pres.: J. A. Ernst* 1879–81, C. F. (W.) Hochstetter* 1881–83, Frederick Dubpernell 1883–87, G. F. Bente* 1887–93, Johannes Wilhelm Weinbach 1893–1906, C. W. G. Eifrig* 1906–09, William Carl Boese 1909–18, Paul Karl Graupner 1918–19, Reinhard Eifert Sr. 1919–21, Frank Paul Edmund Malinsky 1921–48, Walter Oscar Rathke 1948–60, Philip Fiess 1960–70, Albin Stanfel 1970–.

10. The Northern Dist. (see 3 and 6) changed name to Michigan Dist. 1881. Pres.: M. J. Schmidt* 1882–91, Gustav Ernst Spiegel 1891–1912, T. E. W. Engelder* 1912–14, Emanuel August Mayer 1915–24, John Jacob Frederick Schinnerer 1924–42, Andrew Zeile 1942–57, W. Harry Krieger 1957–65, Edwin C. Weber 1965–69, Richard L. Schlecht 1969–.

11. The Minnesota and Dak. Dist. (see 12) was carved out of the Northwestern Dist. (see 7) 1881/82. The remainder was called Wisconsin Dist. and held its 1st conv. as such 1882. Pres.: C. J. A. Strasen* 1882–85, Henry F. Sprengeler 1885–91, J. H. Herzer* 1891, Bernhard Carl Ludwig Sievers 1892–94, John Conrad Strasen (son of C. J. A. Strasen) 1894–1900, Claus (Klaus) Seuel 1900–06, Samuel William Herman Daib 1906–16. Then the dist. divided to form the N. Wisconsin Dist. (see 28) and S. Wisconsin Dist. (see 27).

12. Minnesota and Dakota Dist., formed 1881/82, when the Northwestern Dist. divided (see 7), held its 1st conv. 1882. Pres.: E. O. Cloter* 1882–85, Frederick J. Sievers 1885–91, F. Pfotenhauer* 1891–1908, Henry Schulz 1908–12, Franz Robert Koehler 1912–18, J. H. W. Meyer* 1918–30, Henry Jansen Bouman 1931–33, Johann Christoph Ludwig Meyer 1933–42, Robert Gottfried Heyne 1942–48, Hugo A. Gamber 1948–57, Ernst H. Stahlke 1957–63.

The South Dakota Dist. (see 21) was carved out of the Minnesota and Dak. Dist. 1905/06; the remainder continued using the name Minnesota and Dak. District. The North Dakota and Montana Dist. (see 25) was carved out of the Minnesota and Dak. Dist. 1910. The Minnesota and Dak. Dist. changed name to Minnesota Dist. 1912. The Alta. and B. C. Dist. (see 30) and the Man. and Sask. Dist. (see 31) branched off of the Minnesota Dist. 1920. The Minnesota Dist. divided 1962/63 to form the Minnesota N. Dist. (see 43) and the Minnesota S. Dist. (see 44).

13. Nebraska Dist. (not to be confused with the later Nebraska Dist.; see 47), was carved out of the Western Dist. (see 1) 1881/82, held its 1st conv. 1882. Pres.: J. Hilgendorf* 1882–1900, Carl Henry Becker 1900–15, C. F. Brommer* 1915–22. Then the dist. divided to form the S. Nebraska Dist. (see 32) and the N. Nebraska Dist. (see 33).

14. Southern Dist. (Texas, Louisiana, and adjoining states), carved out of the W. Dist. (see 1) 1881/82, held its 1st conv. 1882. Pres.: Timotheus Stiemke 1882–88, Gotthilf Heinrich Wilhelm Birkmann 1888–91, Gottfried Johann Wegener 1891–1927, Martin W. H. Holls 1927–54, Paul W. Streufert 1954–57, Edgar Homrighausen 1957–69, Lothar Kleinhans 1969–70, John E. Ellermann 1970–.

The Texas Dist. (see 19) was carved out of the S. Dist. 1905/06, the Florida-Georgia Dist. (see 40) 1947/48.

15. Kansas Dist. (Kansas and Colorado), carved out of the W. Dist. (see 1) 1887/87, held its 1st conv. 1888. Pres.: Friedrich Pennekamp 1888–94, Carl (Karl: Charles) Hafner 1894–1906, Friedrich Christoph Droegemueller 1906–12, Theodore H. Juengel 1912–19, Carl Frederick Lehenbauer 1919–32, W. Mahler* 1932–39, Walter H. Meyer 1939–60, Arlen J. Bruns 1960–.

The Kansas Dist. divided 1920/21. Part retained the name Kansas Dist. and included Kansas, Oklahoma, and N. Mex.. The other part was called Colorado Dist. (see 29). The Oklahoma Dist. (see 34) was carved out of the Kansas Dist. 1923/24.

16. The Pacific Coast had been part of the W. Dist. (see 1) since 1860, when J. M. Bühler* settled in San Francisco, California. The California and Oregon Dist., carved out of the W. Dist. 1887, held its 1st conv. 1887. Pres.: J. M. Bühler* 1887–99. Then the dist. divided to form the California and Nevada Dist. (see 17) and the Oregon and Washington Dist. (see 18).

17. California and Nevada Dist., formed when the California and Oregon Dist. (see 16) divided 1899, held its 1st conv. 1900. Pres.: J. M. Bühler 1899–1901, George P. Runkel 1901–05, George A. Bernthai 1905–20, J. W. Theiss* 1920–24, Arthur Clemens Henry Brohm 1924–45, C. Fickenscher 1945–54, Arthur C. Nitz 1954–59, Paul E. Jacobs 1959–.

The S. California Dist. (see 35) was carved out of the California and Nevada Dist. 1929/30.

18. Oregon and Washington Dist. (Oregon, Washington, and Idaho), formed when the California and Oregon Dist. (see 16) divided 1899, held its 1st conv. 1899. Pres.: Henry August Carl Paul 1899–1903, W. Lüssenhop 1903–06, W. H. Behrens* 1906–09, Ludwig Frederick Emil Stuebe 1909–18, Johann Adam Rimbach 1918–21, Weert J. Janssen 1921–36, Frederick Max Leopold Nitz 1936–48, Carl H. Bensene 1948–70, Emil G. Jaech 1970–.

The Oregon and Washington Dist. changed name 1948 to Northwest Dist. (not to be confused with Northwestern Dist.; see 7).

19. Texas Dist., carved out of the S. Dist. (see 14) 1905/06, held its 1st conv. 1906. See also 29. Pres.: Adolf W. Kramer 1906–09, Charles A. Waech 1909–12, Gotthilf Heinrich Wilhelm Birkmann 1912–20, Henry Peter Studtmann 1920–26, J. W. Behnken* 1926–29, Constantin Martin Beyer 1929–42, Edwin A. Heckmann 1942–48, Oliver R. Harms 1948–50, Roland P. Wiederaenders 1950–59, Albert F. Jesse 1959–63, Carl A. Heckmann 1963–.

20. Atlantic Dist., formed when the E. Dist. (see 4) divided 1906, included the territory of the New York and New Eng. Conf., with the boundary line in New York passing bet. Utica and Rome; 1st conv. 1907. Pres.: E. C. L. Schulze* 1906–18, H. P. L. Birkner* 1918–30, A. J. Brunn* 1930–41, George Charles Koenig 1941–42, Herman John Rippe 1942–60, Karl Frank Graesser 1960–67, Rudolph P. F. Ressmeyer 1967–. The Atlantic Dist. divided 1971/72; part retained the old name, part was called New Eng. Dist. (see 50), part was called New Jersey Dist. (see 51).

21. South Dakota Dist., carved out of the Minnesota and Dak. Dist. (see 12) 1905/06, held its 1st conv. 1906. Pres.: August Frederick Breihan 1906–12, Johann Dietrich Ehlen 1912–18, Ernst Gottlieb Jehn 1918–21, Friedrich W. Leyhe 1921–36, Walter Nitschke 1936–51, Philip H. Mueller 1951–60, Elmer O. Luessenhop 1960–68, Leonard Eberhard 1968–70, Arthur J. Crosmer 1970–.

22. Northern Illinois Dist., formed when the Illinois Dist. (see 5) divided 1907/08, held its 1st conv. 1909. Pres.: Hermann Engelbrecht Sr. 1907–09, W. C. Kohn* 1909–13, Friedrich Heinrich Brunn 1913–27, Alex Ullrich 1927–36, Ernest Theodore Lares 1936–45, Arthur Henry Werfelmann 1945–60, Erwin L. Paul 1963–66, Edmund H. Happel 1966–.

23. Central Illinois Dist., formed when the Illinois Dist. (see 5) divided 1907/08, held its 1st conv. 1909. Pres.: F. Brand* 1907–17, Fred William Brockmann 1917–18, August Friedrich Wilhelm Heyne 1918–27, P. Schulz 1927–32, Philip Wilhelm 1932–33, Walter Ernest Hohenstein 1933–35, John Carl Schuelke 1935–42, Albert Otto Carl Bernthal 1942–48, Emil Frederick Tonn 1948–54, Alvin W. Mueller 1954–63, Lewis C. Niemoeller 1963–70, Rudolph A. Haak 1970–74, Arthur Kuehnert 1974–.

24. Southern Illinois Dist., formed when the Illinois Dist. (see 5) divided 1907/08, held its 1st conv. 1909. Pres.: Fred William Brockmann 1907–09, Ulfert Iben 1909–12, Johannes Gottlieb Frederick Kleinhans 1912–33, C. Thomas Spitz Sr. 1933–45, Erhard H. Bohrer 1945–46, Paul Juergensen 1946–47, Harry C. Welp 1947–57, Walter William Adolf Raedeke 1957–58, W. Theophil Janzow 1958–59, Alfred Buls 1959–67, Herman Neunaber 1967–.

25. North Dakota and Montana Dist., carved out of the Minnesota and Dak. Dist. (see 12) 1910, held its 1st conv. 1910. Pres.: Tietje Hinck 1910–24, Joseph Paul Klausler 1924–41, Albert Jordan 1941–42, Arnold Henry Grumm 1942–45.

The North Dakota and Montana Dist. divided 1944/45 to form the Montana Dist. (see 39) and the North Dakota Dist. Pres. of the latter: Arnold Henry Grumm 1945–50, Walter Henry Theodore Cordts 1950–54, Bernhard G. Mueller 1954–57, Lothar Karl Meyer 1957–61, Harold V. Huber 1961–65, John D. Fritz 1965–67, Alwin M. Reimnitz 1967–.

26. English Dist. (see also Missouri and Other States, The English Evangelical Lutheran Synod of) held its 1st conv. 1912. Pres.: Henry Philip Eckhardt* 1911–12, M. S. Sommer* 1912–15, John Adam Detzer 1915–18, O. C. Kreinheder* 1918–27, Guido R. Schuessler 1927–36, Paul Lindemann 1936–38, M. F. Walker* 1938–45, Herman William Bartels 1945–51, Hugo G. Kleiner 1951–63, Bertwin L. Frey 1963–70, John H. Baumgaertner 1970–74, Harold L. Hecht 1974–.

27. South Wisconsin Dist., formed when the Wisconsin Dist. (see 11) divided 1916, held its 1st conv. (25th in the Wisconsin Dist. series) 1918. Pres.: Edward Albrecht 1916–21, Henry John Andrew Grueber 1921–32, John Frederick Boerger 1932–36, Fred A. Schwertfeger 1936–48, Arthur H. Oswald 1948–53, Herbert W. Baxmann 1953–70, Karl L. Barth 1970–.

28. North Wisconsin Dist., formed when the Wisconsin Dist. (see 11) divided 1916, held its 1st conv. 1918. Pres.: Johann Gotthilf Schliepsiek 1916–18, Samuel William Herman Daib 1918–36, William Louis Kohn 1936–54, Lloyd H. Goetz 1954–74, Henry E. Simon 1974–.

29. Colorado Dist., formed 1920/21 when the Kansas Dist. (see 15) divided, included Colorado and Utah and held its 1st conv. 1921. In course of time the dist. came to include congs. in Page, Arizona; Venango, Nebraska; El Paso, Texas. N. Mex. (see 15) and the Texas Dist. congs. in southern N. Mex. became part of the Colorado Dist. 1941/42. Pres.: Otto Luessenhop 1921–30, Otto K. Hensel 1930–34, Frederick William Obermeier 1934–42, E. Julius Friedrich 1942–50, Henry G. Hartner 1950–54, Herbert H. Hellbusch 1954–60, Walter A. Enge 1960–66, Waldemar E. Meyer 1966–.

30. Alberta and British Columbia Dist. branched off of the Minnesota Dist. (see 12) 1920 and held its 1st conv. 1921. Pres.: August J. Mueller 1921–30, William C. Eifert 1930–51, Carl F. Baase 1951–60, Alfred F. Miller 1960–66, George Rode 1966–.

31. Manitoba and Saskatchewan Dist. branched off of the Minnesota Dist. (see 12) 1920 and held its 1st conv. 1922. Pres.: Paul E. Wiegner 1922–27, Christian T. Wetzstein 1927–30, John H. Lucht 1930–51, Leonard W. Koehler 1951–70, Philip Fry 1970–.

32. Southern Nebraska Dist., formed when the Nebraska Dist. (see 13) divided 1922, held its 1st conv. 1924. Pres.: C. F. Brommer* 1922–24, Wilhelm Heinrich Ferdinand Cholcher 1924–30, Herman Ernst Meyer 1930–36, A. J. C. Moeller* 1936–38, Iddo Charles Heinicke 1938–49, Arthur Frederick Wegener 1949–56, Henry F. Krohn 1956–60, Henry W. Niermann Sr. 1960–70. The S. Nebraska Dist. and the N. Nebraska Dist. (see 33) combined 1969/70 to form the new Nebraska Dist. (see 47).

33. Northern Nebraska Dist., formed when the Nebraska Dist. (see 13) divided 1922, included stations in Wyoming and held its 1st conv. 1924. Pres.: John Frederick William Harms 1922–33, Martin Eugene Mayer 1933–39, Walter E. Homann 1939–57, Frederick A. Niedner 1957–70. The N. Nebraska Dist. and the S. Nebraska Dist. (see 32) combined 1970 to form the new Nebraska Dist. (see 47).

34. Oklahoma Dist., carved out of the Kansas Dist.. (see 15) 1923/24, held its 1st conv. 1924. Pres.: Henry Mueller 1924–39, Carl R. Matthies 1939–40, Edward C. Hauer 1940–42, Paul J. Hartenberger 1942–43, Otto Henry Hoyer 1943–54, Alfred E. Behrend 1954–70, Harold Brockhoff 1970–.

35. Southern California Dist., carved out of the California and Nevada Dist. (see 17) 1929/30, held its 1st conv. 1930. Pres.: Gotthold Herman Friedrich Smukal 1930–42, Walter F. Troeger 1942–48, Armand Elmer T. Mueller 1948–55, Victor Louis Behnken 1955–69, Arnold G. Kuntz 1969–.

36. Iowa East Dist., formed when the Iowa Dist. (see 8) divided 1936, held its 1st conv. 1937. Pres.: Herman A. Harms 1936–38, Carl John Henry Hesse 1938–49, Walter D. Oetting 1949–63, Fred H. Ilten 1963–70, John C. Zimmermann 1970–.

37. Iowa West Dist., formed when the Iowa Dist. (see 8) divided 1936, held its 1st conv. 1937. Pres.: Adolph Schwidder 1936–45, Herbert W. Berner 1945–46, John Theodore Martin Hoemann 1946–48, Gustav W. Lobeck 1948–66, Ellis Nieting 1966–.

38. Southeastern Dist., formed 1938/39 in an area involving esp. the Eastern Dist. (see 4) and the Eng. Dist. (see 26) and including in gen. South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, D. C., and part of Georgia, held its 1st conv. 1939. Pres.: J. George Spilman 1939–45, Oscar Adelbert Saner 1945–48, Rudolph Stang Ressmeyer 1948–54, William H. Kohn 1954–59, Leslie F. Frerking 1959–63, William H. Kohn 1963–67, Martin C. Poch 1967–70, Charles S. Mueller 1970–.

39. Montana Dist., formed when the North Dakota and Montana Dist. (see 25) divided 1944/45, held its 1st conv. 1946. Pres.: Paul M. Freiburger 1945–66, August F. Droegemueller 1966–69, George F. Wollenburg 1969–.

40. Florida-Georgia Dist., carved out of the Southern Dist. (see 14) 1947/48, held its 1st conv. 1948. Pres.: Conrad F. Kellermann 1948–57, Frederick W. Lorberg 1957–63, August Bernthal 1963–74, L. Lloyd Behnken, 1974–.

41. Ohio Dist., formed when the Cen. Dist. (see 2) divided 1962/63, included part of Kentucky and W. Virginia and held its 1st conv. 1964. Pres.: Ottomar Krueger 1963–66, Paul G. Single 1966–69, Edgar M. Luecke 1969–70, Arthur H. Ziegler 1970–.

42. Indiana Dist., formed when the Cen. Dist. (see 2) divided 1962/63, included part of Kentucky and Ohio and held its 1st conv. 1964. Pres.: Edgar C. Rakow 1963–70, Elwood H. Zimmermann 1970–.

43. Minnesota North Dist., formed when the Minnesota Dist. (see 12) divided 1962/63, held its 1st conv. 1963. Pres.: Alfred C. Seltz 1963–70, August T. Mennicke 1970–.

44. Minnesota South Dist., formed when the Minnesota Dist. (see 12) divided 1962/63, held its 1st conv. 1963. Pres.: Ernest H. Stahlke 1963–66, Martin W. Lieske 1966–.

45. Missouri Dist., formed when the W. Dist. (see 1) divided 1965/66, held its 1st conv. 1968. Pres.: Herman C. Scherer 1966–.

46. Mid-South Dist., formed when the W. Dist. (see 1) divided 1965/66, includes Arkansas, Tennessee, and part of Kentucky and held its 1st conv. 1968. Pres.: Wilbert E. Griesse 1966–.

47. The new Nebraska Dist. (not to be confused with the earlier Nebraska Dist. [see 13]), formed 1969/70 by combination of the S. Nebraska Dist. (see 32) and the N. Nebraska Dist. (see 33), includes all Nebraska except the panhandle (the line of division approximately follows the 102d meridian); 1st conv. 1970. Pres.: Frederick A. Niedner 1970–.

B. South America.

1. Brazil. On invitation of a German Luth. missionary, the Mo. Syn. sent a miss., C. J. Broders,* to Brazil 1900; under his dir. a cong. was organized at Sâo Pedro, Rio Grande do Sul. W. Mahler* was sent 1901 as his successor and miss. dir. The Brazil Dist. held its 1st conv. 1904. Work expanded 1921 to the states of Santa Catarina and Paranà. Work was begun in the city of Rio de Janeiro 1929 and in the state of Espírito Santo 1931. Before WW II most work was done in Ger. War hysteria caused persecution in some areas. Port. replaced Ger. as the common language for ch. work.

Broders and others promoted parochial schools successfully. An institute for training pastors and teachers was est. 1903 at Bom Jesus, Sâo Lourenço, Rio Grande do Sul; it was closed 1905, reopened 1907 in Pôrto Alegre, where it was relocated 1921; now called Seminario Concordia. A teacher training school opened in S. Joâo Grande ca. 1947, moved to Baixo Guandu ca. 1951, closed ca. 1957. Instituto Conc. was est. for pretheological training at Rio de Janeiro 1957, moved to Sâo Paulo 1962; closed 1973.

Periodicals pub. by the Brazil Dist. included Evangelisch-Lutherisches Kirchenblatt für Süd-Amerika (since 1903); Mensageiro Luterano (“Lutheran Messenger”); Igreja Luterana; Em Marcha; O Jovem Luterano; O Pequeno Luterano. Pub. house: Casa Publicadora Concordia, Pôrto Alegre.

The Brazil Dist. divided 1926/27; part kept the name Brazil Dist., the other part was called Argentine Dist. (see 2). January 1, 1980, the Brazil Dist. became a partner ch. of the LCMS called Igreja Evangelica Luterana do Brasil (Ev. Luth. Ch. of Brazil), acronym IELB.

See also South America, 4.

2. Argentina. On invitation of a Ger. miss. who claimed to be Luth. and planned to return to Ger., W. Mahler* 1905 visited the area of Urdinarrain, a town with neighboring villages, in the province of Entre Rìos, ca. 250 mi. N of Buenos Aires. The Brazil Dist. served Luths. in Argentina from 1905 till the 1920s. The Argentine Dist., formed when the Brazil Dist. (see 1) divided 1926/27, held its 1st conv. 1928.

A few parochial schools were est. but were closed because of adverse school legislation. Various other agencies for religious educ of the young have been more successful. Colegio Conc., a pre theol. school, was est. 1926 at Crespo, Entre Rìos. Theo. training was given at Pôrto Alegre, Brazil, till 1942. when a seminary (now called Seminario Concordia) was established in rented quarters (moved 1948 to its own quarters) in Villa Ballester (Josè Leòn Snàrez since 1970), ca. 12 mi. NW of Buenos Aires. Colegio Conc., Crespo, was closed 1950 and its work amalgamated with the sem. in Villa Ballester. The facilities at Crespo were used 1950–63 for primary instruction, something on the order of a parochial school; then it closed. A preparatory school (called Colegio Conc. since ca. the early 1960s) was est. 1956 at Obera, Misiones.

Periodicals pub. by the Argentine Dist. include Evangelisch-Lutherischer Kirchenbote; El Luterano. WED

August 1, 1986, the Argentine Dist. became a partner ch. of the LCMS called Iglesia Evangelica Luterana Argentina (Ev. Luth. Ch. of Argentina).

See also South America, 1, 5, 8, 10.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod


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Content Reproduced with Permission

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