(14911556). Founder Society* of Jesus; b. Loyola, near Azpeitia, N Sp.; injured 1521 as soldier in defense of Pampeluna (present Pamplona) against the French; converted during convalescence; ascetic and pilgrim for several yrs.; educ. 152435 in Spain at Barcelona, Alcalá de Henares, and Salamanca, and at Paris, Fr.; at Paris, beginning 1529, he and 6 others (P. Favre,* F. Xavier,* D. Laynez,* A. Salmeron,* S. Rodriguez* de Azevedo, and N. A. de Bobadilla*) formed a group which developed into the Soc. of Jesus; Loyola was the 1st gen. of the order. See also Spiritual Exercises.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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