(18571940). RC theol.; b. Ambrières, Fr.; priest 1879; prof. Heb. and exegesis Institut Catholique, Paris; influenced by L. M. O. Duchesne* and J. E. Renan*; exponent of modernism*; dismissed from Institut 1893 as result of controversy about Biblical inerrancy; 5 works placed on Index* of Prohibited Books 1903; excommunicated 1908 as vitandus (see Keys, Office of the, 9); prof. ch. hist. Collège de France 190926, École des Hautes Études 192427. Works include L'Évangile et l'Église; Les Évangiles synoptiques; La Naissance du Christianisme; tr. of Acts.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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