(Epistolae obscurorum virorum). In 1514 J. Reuchlin* pub. Clarorum virorum epistolae, a collection of letters upholding his defense of Jewish literature and studies. In 151517 there appeared, in 2 parts, a series of satirical letters, Epistolae obscurorum virorum, lampooning Cologne Dominicans, esp. their leader Ortwin Gratius (van Graes; ca. 14801542; b. Holtwick, near Münster, Ger.; educ. Deventer, Neth.; prof. Cologne), to whom most of them were addressed, for attacks on Reuchlin. Crotus* Rubianus wrote most of the 1st part of Epistolae obscurorum virorum. U. v. Hutten* probably wrote most of the 2d part. A papal brief against authors, publishers, and possessors of Epistolae obscurorum virorum did little to dull the satire's cutting edge. See also Humanism, Sixteenth-Century German.
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