(Lao Tzu; Lao-tse; Lao-tsze; sometimes identified with a Li Erh and Li An; perhaps ca. 604ca. 531 BC). Details of his life and activity uncertain; b. perhaps Ch'u State, Honan Province, China; stressed mystic adherence to right conduct or the spirit of righteousness in opposition to Confucius' emphasis on proper form and ceremony. Traditionally, founder of Taoism* and author of Tao Tê Ching (teaching of Tao). See also Chinese Philosophy, 2.
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