(Qur'an; Quran; Qoran; Arab. book; reading; recitation). Sacred book of Islam*; source of Muslim* religious, soc., civil, commercial, military, and legal regulations; regarded by Muslim as revealed by Allah to Muhammad* through an angel. Text was compiled after Muhammad's death. The present common text consists of 114 suras (surahs; Arab. that which opens, or begins); the last 2 are imprecations against evil spirits and enchantments; the others are arranged acc. to length, from the longest (nearly 700 lines) to the shortest (2 lines). Includes Arab. legendary matter and distorted echoes of the Bible. See also Ramadan.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
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