(Keppler; 15711630). B. Well der Stadt, near Stuttgart, Württemberg, Ger.; astronomer and mathematician; educ. Tübingen; pupil of M. Hafenreffer*; held Copernican theory (see Copernicus, Nicolaus); discovered 3 laws of planetary motion; held that the conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn 747 A. U. C. indicated the birth of Christ to the Magi, and that a new celestial sign ca. 748 A. U. C. guided them to Christ; denied Luth. doctrine of ubiquity*; opposed Calvinistic doctrine of double predestination; held that God created world in accord with a Pythagorean pattern of harmony (see Pythagoreanism).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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