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Kavel, August Ludwig Christian

(September 3, 1798–February 11, 1860). B. Berlin, Ger.; educ. Berlin; private tutor 1821–26; ordained Berlin 1826; pastor Klemzig, (near Frankfurt an der Oder, Harthe, and Goltzen 1826; influenced by work and writings of J. G. Scheibel*; resigned pastorate; joined Old* Luths. at Posen; early in 1836 began to explore possibility of emigration to Am. or Australia; while negotiating for financial support, he served Ger. seamen and the Ger. community in London, Eng. After many negotiations in the face of opposition from the Prussian govt. to emigration, conditional approval was obtained and ca. 250 persons under Kavel's leadership left Ger. in July 1838 and arrived Port Adelaide, Australia, in November 1838. They named their new community in S. Australia Klemzig. The 1st Luth. syn. (conv.) in Australia was held 1839 at Glen Osmond under Kavel's leadership. Later other immigrants joined them. Additional colonies were est. A rupture occurred 1846 as a result of differences regarding polity and chiliasm. This breach was not healed till the Luth. Ch. in Australia was formed 1966. See also Australia, B 1, C 1. ARS

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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