(Carlstadt; Karolstadt; ca. 14801541). Revolutionist of the Reformation; b. Karlstadt, Lower Franconia, NW Bav., Ger.; educ. Erfurt and Cologne; prof. Wittenberg; supported M. Luther's* 95 theses*; tangled with J. Eck* at the Leipzig* Debate 1519; introd. Reformation at Wittenberg 1521, but forced the issue; preacher at Orlamünde 1523/24; rejected Baptism and the Lord's Supper as sacraments and abolished ceremonies in undue haste; expelled 1524 by Saxon authorities; wandered from place to place; assoc. with H. Zwingli* at Zurich and finally with J. H. Bullinger* at Basel. Not to be confused with J. Draconites.* See also Apocrypha, B 2; Zwickau Prophets.
H. Barge, Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt (Leipzig, 1905); F. Kriechbaum, Grundzüge der Theologie Karlstadts (Hamburg, 1967).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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