(18351912). B. Neuhausen, near Königsberg, Ger.; educ. Königsberg, Heidelberg, Halle, Töbingen; taught at Halle and Bonn. In opposition to quest for hist. Jesus (see Jesus, Lives of), Kähler held that the gospels were not primarily sources for hist. research, but records of apostolic proclamation. Faith is related to hist. events. Kähler distinguished mission, which emphasizes that the ch. exists where Christ and His Spirit are active through His Word, from propaganda, which is egocentric and seeks to proselytize for one's own views and interests. Works include Der sogenannte historische Jesus und der geschichtliche Christus; Theologe und Christ; Gott in der Geschichte; Die Wissenschaft der christlichen Lehre von dem evangelischen Grundartikel aus im Abrisse dargestellt. See also Biblicism; Eisenacher Bund.
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