(Joseph ben Matthias; ca. 37ca. 100). B. Jerusalem; of Jewish royal and priestly descent; joined Pharisees; commander in Galilee during Jewish* War; policy clash aroused hostility of John* of Galilee; captured by Romans; freed by Vespasian*; to Rome after war. Works include De Maccabeis; De bello Judaico; Antiquitates Judaicae; Contra Apionem; Vita Flavii Josephi. See also Whiston, William.
L. Bernstein, Flavius Josephus (New York, 1938); A. H. Tamarin, Revolt in Judea (New York, 1968); G. A. Williamson, The World of Josephus (London, 1964).
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