Pictures of Jesus are found in the catacombs. One of the oldest extant statues of the Good Shepherd is held to be of 3d-c. origin. Mosaic representations of Jesus are common and include the Baptism of Jesus in the dome of the Orthodox baptistery at Ravenna, It., Christ Dividing the Sheep from the Goats in the ch. of St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna, and Christ Enthroned in the ch. of St. Pudenziana, Rome. In the Middle Ages representations of Jesus relegated His character as Redeemer to the background and featured such subjects as Christ in the Glory of the New Jerusalem, Christ in His Majesty as Teacher, Christ on the Clouds of Heaven, Christ on the Globe of the World. Renaissance art was more concerned with Mary than with Jesus, though Andrea Mantegna (14311506; b. near Padua, It.; printer and engraver; his Adoration of the Magi was bought 1985 by the J. Paul Getty Museum of Malibu, California, for a record $10.4 million) painted a Crucifixion of Christ, Leonardo* da Vinci His Last Supper, and Guido Reni (15751642; b. near Bologna, It.) an Ecce Homo. Reformation and post-Reformation artists portraying Jesus as Savior include A. Dürer,* J. M. F. H. Hofmann,* B. Plockhorst,* H. Thoma,* E. K. F. v. Gebhardt,* F. v. Uhde,* and J. Schnorr* v. Carolsfeld.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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