The 1st Christian syn. or council was held at Jerusalem, Acts 15. Later syns. at Jerusalem include: one in 335, which restored Arius to fellowship in an attempt to settle the Arian controversy (see Arianism); one in the 340s, which acknowledged fellowship with Athanasius, who had been deposed 335 by a council at Tyre, restored in the 340s by a council at Sardica (later called Sofia); an indecisive diocesan syn. in 415 called to deal with the Pelagian* Controversy; one in 634 against Monothelitism,* in favor of Dyothelitism*; one in 1672 against Calvinism. See also Eastern Orthodox Standards of Doctrine, A 2.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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